INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES SOBRE DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE Y EQUIDAD SOCIAL

Centro de investigación aplicada orientado al diseño y evaluación de las políticas públicas en México, en las áreas de pobreza, salud y medio ambiente.

“BUSCAMOS GENERAR EVIDENCIA CIENTÍFICA APLICADA A LOS PROBLEMAS NACIONALES PRIORITARIOS Y APORTAR INFORMACIÓN VALIOSA PARA MEJORAR LA POLÍTICA PÚBLICA EXISTENTE”.

Dra. Graciela Teruel Belismelis

DIRECTORA

ÁREAS
DE INVESTIGACIÓN

La investigación que llevamos a cabo busca promover el desarrollo social sostenible y equitativo en México, a través de una visión integral de tres aspectos básicos prioritarios en la agenda de México: pobreza, salud y medio ambiente.

Mireya
Vilar Compte

Coordinadora del área de salud

Doctora en Políticas Públicas con especialización en Salud por la Universidad de Nueva York, EUA y maestra en Administración Pública por la Universidad de Nueva York y en Políticas de Desarrollo por la Universidad de York, Reino Unido.

SNI

Nivel 1

Líneas de investigación

Envejecimiento

Seguridad alimentaria y pobreza alimentaria

Determinantes sociales de la salud en etapas tempranas de la vida

Determinantes socioeconómicos de las enfermedades crónicas

Contacto

Trabajó para el Banco Mundial como especialista en economía de la salud y al integrarse con la Universidad Iberoamericana laboró en el Departamento de Salud por 2 años. Entre otros logros, comenzó un grupo de investigación interdisciplinar de jóvenes investigadores.

Su agenda de investigación incluye aspectos sobre determinantes sociales de la salud, adultos mayores, enfermedades crónicas, lactancia e inseguridad alimentaria. Entre sus investigaciones más recientes figura un estudio sobre la relación entre del aislamiento social en el autocuidado de las enfermedades crónicas, así como un estudio sobre los retos de la implementación de las políticas para el combate a la obesidad en México.

De igual forma, un área actual de investigación yace en estudios sobre el uso de tecnologías móviles para la promoción de la salud materno-infantil, así como para manejo enfermedades crónicas.

Salud

Pablo
Gaitán Rossi

Investigador

Candidato a doctor en Bienestar Social por el Boston College y maestro Sociología por la IBERO.

SNI

Líneas de investigación

Aspectos geoespaciales de la salud

Determinantes psicosociales de las enfermedades crónicas

Envejecimiento

Determinantes sociales en etapas tempranas de la vida

Contacto

Ha coordinado la clínica de atención psicológica y de aprendizaje para los alumnos de la IBERO. A lo largo de su trayectoria académica ha impartido cursos de Cultura y Subjetividad, Género y Subjetividad y Medición en Psicología, además de cursos en Metodologías Cuantitativas y Cualitativas. Con varias publicaciones internacionales en revisión, su agenda de investigación incluye aspectos como los efectos del contexto, la relación entre violencia y pobreza, así como la inseguridad alimentaria.

Entre sus investigaciones más recientes se encuentran un estudio sobre la relación entre la depresión, el aislamiento social y el maltrato en adultos mayores, así como una aproximación basada en economía política de la inseguridad alimentaria que incorpora factores geoespaciales. Asimismo, colabora en los estudios sobre el uso de tecnologías móviles para la promoción de la salud materno-infantil.

Salud

Graciela
Teruel Belismelis

Directora

Doctora y maestra en Economía por la Universidad de California, Los Ángeles.

SNI

Nivel 3

Líneas de investigación

Medición del bienestar

Medición de la pobreza

Evaluación de políticas públicas y programas sociales

Contacto

Miembro académico del Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social, el CONEVAL, miembro del Consejo del Banco del Ahorro Nacional y Servicios Financieros, BANSEFI y Consejera en la Comisión Nacional de Salarios Mínimos, ha participado activamente en la evaluación del impacto de programas sociales entre los que figuran Oportunidades y Seguro Popular. Dentro de sus logros más importantes destaca la codirección de la Encuesta Nacional sobre Niveles de Vida de los Hogares (2002, 2005 y 2009), primera encuesta en México de tipo multitemático y longitudinal, con representatividad nacional.

Pobreza

Miguel
Reyes Hernández

Coordinadora del área de salud

Doctor y maestro en economía por la Universidad de las Américas de Puebla.

SNI

Nivel 1

Líneas de investigación

Ingresos y salarios

Medición y determinantes de la pobreza y la desigualdad

Evaluación de políticas públicas y programas sociales

Contacto

Con diversos artículos en revistas nacionales e internacionales arbitradas y 3 libros, Miguel coordina la Red de Pobreza de las Universidades Jesuitas de América Latina y dirige el grupo interdisciplinario e interinstitucional que conforma el Observatorio de Salarios de la IBERO Puebla. Ha sido asesor de gobierno, director de la carrera de economía y director del área de ciencias sociales en la misma institución y ha recibido diversos reconocimientos por sus trabajos de investigación sobre pobreza, su medición y determinantes.

Pobreza

Salud

Generamos conocimiento en salud poblacional y epidemiología que promueva la toma de decisiones a favor de mejores sistemas y condiciones para la salud en México. Fomentamos un enfoque multidisciplinar de estudios en salud pública que promueva políticas públicas basadas en evidencia. Nuestras áreas de investigación se agrupan en cinco temas: (I) envejecimiento, (II) seguridad alimentaria y pobreza alimentaria, (III) determinantes sociales de la salud en etapas tempranas de la vida, (IV) determinantes socioeconómicos y psicosociales de las enfermedades crónicas y (V) aspectos geoespaciales de la salud.

Pobreza

Analizamos los elementos que interactúan en la medición de la pobreza y sus determinantes para proponer nuevos enfoques conceptuales y metodológicos que mejoren la política social en México.

octubre 2015

Postura ante la unificación salarial en México
Autores

Observatorio de Salarios

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

Recientemente la CONASAMI anunció que desde el 1 de octubre del presente año, México contará con un salario unificado. No obstante, el poder adquisitivo debe medirse con un índice de costo de vida, no mediante el INPC, un Salario mínimo homologado no considera diferenciales regionales ni por zonas urbanas. El problema de los salarios, mínimos y promedios en la economía, es un problema distributivo y de mínimos de niveles de vida.

Febrero 2016

PAUTAS DE CONSUMO Y POBLACIÓN INMIGRANTE: MEXICANOS EN NUEVA YORK
Autores

Miguel Reyes Liliana Reyes Hernández Humberto Morales Miguel Alejandro López

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

El objetivo de este artículo consiste en realizar un primer análisis exploratorio de las pautas de consumo y la evolución que éstas han manifestado en la población inmigrante poblana en Nueva York, teniendo como referente el consumo que ellos mostraban en su lugar de origen. La metodología de este artículo utiliza un diseño mixto secuencial, el cual busca vincular herramientas cuantitativas con métodos cualitativos. Cabe señalar, que los resultados aquí presentados se derivan de la primera prueba piloto de aplicación de cuestionarios y algunas entrevistas exploratorias que se han realizado desde julio de 2015 a la fecha.

2018

Open position for a tenure-track in public health Universidad Iberoamericana
Autores

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

The Research Institute for Equitable Development (EQUIDE) at Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City, invites applications for a tenure-track position in public health. The appointment will be at the rank of Associate Professor and will begin in Summer 2018.

2018

Convocatoria para ocupar una Plaza Académica de tiempo completo en el área de Salud
Autores

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

La Universidad Iberoamericana Ciudad de México a través del Instituto de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo con Equidad (EQUIDE) convoca al concurso de oposición para ocupar una Plaza Académica de tiempo completo en el área de Salud.

2017

México, país de pobres y no de clases medias
Autores

Red de salarios

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

El presente estudio identifica, con una metodología novedosa y consistente con la identificación de la población pobre, las clases medias en México y su evolución de 1992 a 2014. Entre los principales hallazgos, se encuentra evidencia que México es un país de pobres, más que de clases medias. El estatus y condiciones de vida adecuada de grupos poblacionales amplios, transversales a categorías ocupacionales, sólo es garantizado para un cuarto del total de la población. La pobreza es 2.3 veces mayor que lo que representan las clases medias. Asimismo, la magnitud de la vulnerabilidad que éstas presentan para caer en situación de pobreza o carencias múltiples, es signo de la fragilidad de las clases medias en México. Mientras en otros países el tamaño de las clases medias es entre 60 y 80% de la población, en México es de sólo 27%. Las alternativas para garantizar un estatus y condiciones de vida adecuados e identificados con las clases medias, pasa por modificaciones sustanciales en el mercado de trabajo, donde la seguridad social juega un papel trascendental. En otro sentido, se requiere de mecanismos e instituciones que eviten el control monopólico y oligopólico de los recursos económicos por parte de los grandes grupos económicos. La estrategia de fortalecimiento de clases medias, requiere, además, el establecimiento pleno de un sistema impositivo progresivo, sin tratamientos y regímenes fiscales especiales, así como de un gasto público garante de derechos. El sistema de política pública garante de derechos debe paulatinamente sustituir las funciones del asistencialismo y programas sociales que sólo contienen y administran de la pobreza, para construir un sistema de política pública redistributivo y de combate efectivo y eficiente contra la pobreza.

2017

Informe de coyuntura-
Autores

Graciela Terruel Miguel Reyes Miguel López

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

El presente Análisis de Coyuntura fue realizado por el equipo de investigación del Observatorio de Salarios-EQUIDE y es parte de un esfuerzo conjunto de las Redes de Pobreza y Desigualdad de AUSJAL y de la Red de Observatorios de la Deuda Social de Améric Latina (ODSAL).

2017

México: país de trabajadores pobres
Autores

Graciela Teruel Miguel Reyes Miguel López

Revista/Editorial

AUSJAL

Resumen

El ingreso es uno de los apartados de la pobreza multidimensional que en los últimos 25 años permanece prácticamente inamovible. En 1992, el 53.8% de la población se encontraba debajo de la línea de bienestar (LB) o línea de pobreza monetaria (LP). Para 2016, la última medición oficial arroja poco más del 50%. Cuando casi dos terceras partes de la población ocupada dependen en sus ingresos de remuneraciones, no existe política salarial y de empleo vinculante con políticas sociales garantes de derechos que permitan a la población trabajadora dejar de forma definitiva y no sólo temporal la pobreza. Los salarios en México siguen perdiendo poder adquisitivo, situación que contribuye a que más de la mitad de la población asalariada, 51.7% de los trabajadores, permanezcan debajo de la línea de pobreza monetaria, conocida también como línea de bienestar del CONEVAL (LB). Tan sólo en la presente administración, los salarios promedio y mínimo han perdido 14.4 y 3.9% de su poder adquisitivo respectivamente. Entre las repercusiones, además de aumentar la brecha con los salarios de América del Norte, están la perpetuación de pobreza y minar las posibilidades de movilidad social.

2017

A New Approach to Measuring Social Welfare in Mexico
Autores

Oscar A. Martínez-Martínez, IBERO-CDMX Ana Maria Vazquez Rodriguez, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Occidente Margaret Lombe, Boston College Pablo Gaitan Rossi, EQUIDE-IBERO

Revista/Editorial

Social Indicators Research

Resumen

This study presents evidence on the utility of including public insecurity indicators when assessing Social Welfare in Mexico. It estimates two multidimensional indices of social welfare using the DP2 method. The two measures (DP2a index and DP2b index) contain the following categories: (1) material welfare, (2) economic well-being, (3) subjective well-being, and (4) social capital. For the second, we included an additional category, (5) public insecurity, and examined its effect on social welfare. The results show that inclusion of indicators of insecurity, crime victimization, and homicides had a negative effect on social welfare within states. Specifically, trust in people, network membership, satisfaction with life, and happiness where reduced. Our results suggest that public insecurity should be a key consideration in the understanding of social welfare in Mexico.

Martinez-Martinez, O. A., Vazquez-Rodriguez, A. M., Lombe, M., & Gaitan-Rossi, P. Incorporating Public Insecurity Indicators: A New Approach to Measuring Social Welfare in Mexico. Social Indicators Research, 1-23. Liga: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11205-016-1544-6

2017

Opening Prosperity Mexico: Socio-emotional trial
Autores

Manett Vargas, ITAM Rodrigo A. González de Ita, Qué Funciona Para el Desarrollo Cristina E. Barnard-Gonzalez, ITAM Pablo Gaitán Rossi, EQUIDE-IBERO Mireya Vilar Compte, EQUIDE-IBERO Natalia W. Szteliga, Content Consultants Daphne Metland, BabyCenter

Revista/Editorial

American Economic Association RCT Registry

Resumen

There has been a recent research growth in the intersection between health and behavioral economics. Some of this research has looked into the importance of the framing of the information delivered. Most of this work has focused on emphasizing the positive or negative effects of specific behaviors (e.g. quit smoking, improve diet, take a specific treatment, etc.). In this trial we will test framing in a different sense: encouraging beneficiaries to increase their effort without referring to the benefits or detriments of not following a specific action. As part of a government pilot program called Prospera Digital, pregnant women and mothers with babies less than two years old receive personalized SMS with healthcare information. Our trial consists on making a small variation to the pilot program with the objective of measuring the influence of motivational and socio-emotional content (MSE content) on women’s behavior and their babies' health outcomes. Two sets of messages have been designed: (i) the first set of messages, the control arm, removes most MSE content possible from the government trial program without affecting the knowledge that the messages intend to transmit; (ii) the second set, the treatment arm, exacerbates the MSE content without adding healthcare information

Aguilar, Arturo et al. 2017. "Opening Prosperity Mexico: Socio-emotional trial." AEA RCT Registry. February 21. Liga: https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/2010/history/14222

2017

Food insecurity measurement among older adults: Implications for policy and food security governance
Autores

Mireya Vilar-Compte, EQUIDE-IBERO Pablo Gaitán-Rossi, EQUIDE-IBERO Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Yale

Revista/Editorial

Global Food Security

Resumen

Understanding food insecurity among older adults (OAs) is a relevant issue. Objectives:Perform a systematic literature review identifying how food insecurity has been measured and how it affects policies, and assess through a psychometric analysis, if experience-based food security scales (EBFSS), can adequately monitor food security governance among OAs. Methods: Research was retrieved from 4 engines and grouped into themes. A psychometric analysis compared a EBFSS's (i.e. the Mexican Food Security Scale) validity in households with and without OAs. Results: 58 manuscripts were synthesized and grouped into 5 themes. The EBFSS showed adequate psychometric properties among OAs. Conclusions: Among older adults, food security governance, can be fostered by an ecological and multisectorial perspective, and by using valid monitoring instruments.

Vilar-Compte, M., Gaitán-Rossi, P. & Pérez-Escamilla, R. (2017). Food insecurity measurement among older adults: Implications for policy and food security governance. Global Food Security. Liga: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211912417300019

2017

Opening Prosperity Mexico: Socio-emotional trial
Autores

Arturo Aguilar, ITAM, Manett Vargas, ITAM, Rodrigo A. González de Ita, Qué Funciona Para el Desarrollo, Cristina E. Barnard-Gonzalez, ITAM, Pablo Gaitán Rossi, EQUIDE-IBERO, Mireya Vilar Compte, EQUIDE-IBERO, Natalia W. Szteliga, Content Consultants, Daphne Metland, BabyCenter

Revista/Editorial

American Economic Association RCT Registry

Resumen

There has been a recent research growth in the intersection between health and behavioral economics. Some of this research has looked into the importance of the framing of the information delivered. Most of this work has focused on emphasizing the positive or negative effects of specific behaviors (e.g. quit smoking, improve diet, take a specific treatment, etc.). In this trial we will test framing in a different sense: encouraging beneficiaries to increase their effort without referring to the benefits or detriments of not following a specific action. As part of a government pilot program called Prospera Digital, pregnant women and mothers with babies less than two years old receive personalized SMS with healthcare information. Our trial consists on making a small variation to the pilot program with the objective of measuring the influence of motivational and socio-emotional content (MSE content) on women’s behavior and their babies health outcomes. Two sets of messages have been designed: (i) the first set of messages, the control arm, removes most MSE content possible from the government trial program without affecting the knowledge that the messages intend to transmit; (ii) the second set, the treatment arm, exacerbates the MSE content without adding healthcare information

Aguilar, Arturo et al. 2017. "Opening Prosperity Mexico: Socio-emotional trial." AEA RCT Registry. February 21. Liga: https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/2010/history/14222

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2017

Association Between Depression and Elder Abuse and the Mediation of Social Support: A Cross-Sectional Study of Elder Females in Mexico City
Autores

Mireya Vilar Compte, EQUIDE-IBERO, Liliana Giraldo Rodríguez, Instituto Nacional de Geriatría, Adriana Ochoa Lagunas, EQUIDE-UIA, Pablo Gaitan Rossi, EQUIDE-IBERO

Revista/Editorial

Journal of Aging and Health

Resumen

Objective: We assessed the association between depression and elder abuse, and the mediation effect of social support among elder women in Mexico City. Method: A total of 526 noninstitutionalized elder women, residing in Mexico City and attending public community centers were selected. Logistic regressions and structural equation models (SEM) were estimated. Results: One fifth of the elderly women were at risk of depression, one third suffered some type of abuse in the past 12 months, and 82% reported low social support. Logistic models confirmed that depression was statistically associated with elder abuse and vice versa (odds ratio [OR] = 1.97 and 1.96, respectively). In both models, social support significantly reduced the association between these variables leading to study these associations through SEM. This approach highlighted that social support buffers the association between depression and elder abuse. Discussion: Findings underline the relevance of programs and strategies targeted at increasing social support among urban older adults.

Vilar-Compte, M., Giraldo-Rodríguez, L., Ochoa-Laginas, A., & Gaitan-Rossi, P. (2017). Association Between Depression and Elder Abuse and the Mediation of Social Support: A Cross-Sectional Study of Elder Females in Mexico City. Journal of Aging and Health, 0898264316686432. Liga: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0898264316686432

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2016

Informe anual del Observatorio de Salarios 2016
Autores

Observatorio de Salarios EQUIDE

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

México es un país muy desigual en materia de ingreso, hoy más que nunca es necesario el estudio de la desigualdad desde un enfoque amplio. Es por ello que, en esta ocasión, el Observatorio de Salarios de la Universidad Iberoamericana Puebla en conjunto con el Instituto de Investigación para el Desarrollo con Equidad (EQUIDE) de la Universidad Iberoamericana Ciudad de México, publican el Informe 2016 del Observatorio de Salarios. Los principales temas del Informe 2016 del Observatorio de Salarios son la desigualdad factorial, así como la desigualdad intra-factorial, es decir, entre trabajadores y entre empresarios.

2016

México: un país que no se mueve. Un análisis de movilidad social a partir de un enfoque de clases
Autores

Miguel Santiago Reyes-Hernández José Arturo Cerón-Vargas Miguel López-López

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

El presente estudio plantea un análisis de movilidad social a partir del análisis de trayectorias de clase. La estructura de la sociedad mexicana, agrupada en clases, muestra poca movilidad social. No sólo no muestra fluidez en términos de la movilidad vertical (entre clases), sino que las distancias relativas en los niveles de vida entre clases, se mantienen en el tiempo. El presente artículo muestra evidencia de que la movilidad social inter e intrageneracionales por clase, se encuentran intrínsecamente relacionadas. La clase social a la que pertenece dirige el destino de las vidas de los individuos más de lo que la voluntad individual quisiera en otro sentido. Origen se convierte en destino y las condiciones de vida de las personas dependen, por tanto, de dos condiciones: pertenencia a una clase y, lugar que se ocupa en la distribución de los recursos entre las diversas clases y grupos sociales.

2016

Supporting healthier pregnancies and early child development one text at a time: Can personalized text messages, increased community participation and incentives to service providers help improve pregnancy and early childhood outcomes?
Autores

Arturo Aguilar, ITAM Pablo Gaitán Rossi, EQUIDE-IBERO Natalia W. Szteliga, BabyCenter Cristina E. Barnard-Gonzalez, ITAM Monica Wills Silva, Behavioral Insight Team Rodrigo A. González de Ita, Qué Funciona Para el Desarrollo Francisco del Villar, ITAM Daphne Metland, BabyCenter Luke Ravenscroft, Behavioral Insight Team Stweart Kettle, Behavioral Insight Team Mireya Vilar Compte, EQUIDE-IBERO Manett Vargas, ITAM

Revista/Editorial

American Economic Association RCT Registry

Resumen

This project seeks to improve maternal health, birth outcomes and early child development, by empowering mothers through a SMS information system. The SMS information system is targeted at beneficiaries of Prospera, Mexico’s conditional cash transfer programme (formerly known as Progresa and Oportunidades). The SMS information system consists of appointment reminders, prompts to plan for birth and emergencies, information on potential concerns, and preventative health care advice. SMS are sent in a personalized manner using administrative information, medical records and the responses from the beneficiaries to SMS. The two-way system also allows beneficiaries to seek emergency care, report health concerns and change their regular appointments.  Three treatments variations will be evaluated with a randomized control trial (RCT) design. The first treatment arm will test the impact of the two-way information system. The second variation will test the SMS system with additional messages from local community members. Finally, the third group will test the SMS system with the additional component of enabling beneficiaries to provide feedback on the health services received. The feedback collected on the quality of the clinic services will be later used to provide incentives to clinic personnel.  Rigorous evidence about potential changes in habits, knowledge, health service demand, anthropometrics and developmental outcomes will be explored. 

Aguilar, A., Gaitan-Rossi, P., Szteliga, N.W., Barnard-Gonzalez, C., Wills-Silva, M., Gonzalez-de-Ita, R., del Villar, F., Metland, D., Ravenscroft, L., Kettle, S., Vilar-Compte, M., Vargas, M. (2016) Supporting healthier pregnancies and early child development one text at a time: Can personalized text messages, increased community participation and incentives to service providers help improve pregnancy and early childhood outcomes? American Economic Assocaition RCT Registry. December 24. Liga: https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/1035/history/12869

2016

Fear of Crime in Mexico: The Impacts of Municipality Characteristics
Autores

Pablo Gaitán Rossi, EQUIDE-IBERO Ce Shen, Boston College

Revista/Editorial

Social Indicators Research

Resumen

In the last decade, Mexico, the second largest economy in Latin America, has seen high poverty, inequality, and increasing homicide rates, which has led to widespread fear of crime. Two important challenges to understand the elevated levels of fear of crime are the lack of agreement on how to measure it and the debate on whether it responds to actual crime or to a general feeling of vulnerability associated with poverty. Moreover, there is little research in Mexico examining the complex influence of social context at the municipality level, on the relationship between person-level characteristics and fear of crime. Using Mexico’s 2015 National Survey of Victimization the goal of the study is to estimate a two-level hierarchical regression analysis combining the effects of person-level predictors and municipality level context variables to explain fear of crime in Mexico´s urban population. Our results show that some person level attributes—victimization, incivilities, trust, police effectiveness, and collective organization—are consistently associated with the three domains of fear of crime: feelings of insecurity, perceptions of risk, and avoidance behaviors. The study shows that homicide rates at the municipality level are directly associated with feelings of insecurity and avoidance behaviors. In addition, high multidimensional poverty and inequality at the municipality level amplified the rate by which incivilities affect perceptions of risk. Unexpectedly, collective efficacy at the municipality level and collective organization to solve crime at the individual level were positive and significant predictors for fear of crime in Mexico.

Gaitán-Rossi, P., & Shen, C. Fear of Crime in Mexico: The Impacts of Municipality Characteristics. Social Indicators Research, 1-27. Liga: http://rdcu.be/mz8j

2016

Functional limitations, depression, and cash assistance are associated with food insecurity among older urban adults in Mexico City
Autores

Mireya Vilar-Compte, EQUIDE-IBERO Dania Orta-Alemán, University of Berkley Oscar Martínez-Martínez, IBERO-CDMX Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Yale University

Revista/Editorial

Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

Resumen

To examine factors associated with food insecurity among urban older adults (65 years and older). Three hundred and fifty two older adults attending community centers in a neighborhood of Mexico City were surveyed for food insecurity, functional impairments, health and mental health status; cash- transfer assistance, socio- demographic characteristics, social isolation, and the built food environment. Having at least primary education and receiving cash- transfers were significantly associated with a lower probability of being moderately- severely food insecure (OR=0.478 and 0.597, respectively). The probability of moderate- severe food insecurity was significantly higher among elderly at risk of depression (OR=2.843), those with at least one activity of daily living impaired (OR=2.177) and those with at least one instrumental activity of daily living impaired (OR=1.785). Higher educational attainment and cash- transfers may have a positive influence on reducing food insecurity. Depression and functional limitations may increase the likelihood of food insecurity among older adults.

Vilar-Compte, M. Orta-Alemán, D. Martínez-Martínez, O. Pérez-Escamilla, R. (2016). Functional limitations, depression, and cash assistance are associated with food insecurity among older urban adults in Mexico City. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 27(3):1537-1554. Liga: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27524783

2015

LAS MEDICIONES, EXPERIENCIAS Y PERSPECTIVAS DE LOS PAÍSES EN CUANTO A LA POBREZA MULTIDIMENSIONAL
Autores

Miguel Reyes

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

Existen diferentes métodos para la medición de la pobreza. Independientemente del que se utilice son necesarias dos etapas, que para su implementación requieren decisiones metodológicas previas sobre la elección de la unidad de análisis y la variable de bienestar a considerar (Ravallion 1992). La identificación: Cuáles individuos son pobres y qué tan pobres son La agregación en una medida con las propiedades deseables: ¿Cuántos pobres hay?

2015

The effects of the 2008 financial crisis on the food security status of Mexican households
Autores

Mireya Vilar Compte, EQUIDE-IBERO Sebastián Sandoval Olascoaga, SHCP Ana Bernal Stuart, IBERO-CDMX Sandhya Shimoga, UCLA Arturo Vargas Bustamante, UCLA

Revista/Editorial

Public Health Nutrition

Resumen

The present paper investigated the impact of the 2008 financial crisis on food security in Mexico and how it disproportionally affected vulnerable households. DESIGN: A generalized ordered logistic regression was estimated to assess the impact of the crisis on households' food security status. An ordinary least squares and a quantile regression were estimated to evaluate the effect of the financial crisis on a continuous proxy measure of food security defined as the share of a household's current income devoted to food expenditures. Setting Both analyses were performed using pooled cross-sectional data from the Mexican National Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2008 and 2010. SUBJECTS: The analytical sample included 29,468 households in 2008 and 27,654 in 2010. RESULTS: The generalized ordered logistic model showed that the financial crisis significantly (P<0·05) decreased the probability of being food secure, mildly or moderately food insecure, compared with being severely food insecure (OR=0·74). A similar but smaller effect was found when comparing severely and moderately food-insecure households with mildly food-insecure and food-secure households (OR=0·81). The ordinary least squares model showed that the crisis significantly (P<0·05) increased the share of total income spent on food (β coefficient of 0·02). The quantile regression confirmed the findings suggested by the generalized ordered logistic model, showing that the effects of the crisis were more profound among poorer households. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that households that were more vulnerable before the financial crisis saw a worsened effect in terms of food insecurity with the crisis. Findings were consistent with both measures of food security--one based on self-reported experience and the other based on food spending.

Vilar-Compte, M., Sandoval, S., Bernal-Stuart, A., Shimoga, S., Vargas-Bustamante, A. (2015) “The effects of the 2008 financial crisis on the food security status of Mexican households” Public Health Nutrition, 18 (16), 2934-2942. Liga: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25428800

2015

EVALUATION OF THE PROGRAM OF POPULAR INSURANCE FROM 2002 TO 2005 Impact in the utilization of medical services, in spending and health and in the labor market
Autores

Erika Arenas, University of California Susan Wendy Parker, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas A.C. Luis Rubalcava, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas A.C. Graciela Teruel, EQUIDE-IBERO

Revista/Editorial

El Trimestre Económico

Resumen

This article examines the impact of Seguro Popular (SP) in health services utilization, in the labor market, and in household health expenditures. Benefiting from longitudinal data from the Mexican Family Life Survey, we use propensity score matching techniques to analyze the data by gender and population origin. In general, the SP has not impacted the number of hospitalizations and out-patient consultations, with the exception of urban women. The analysis by institution shows that, in urban populations, the SP has increased external consultations in the health care facilities provided by the Health Ministry. The SP shows a negative impact in the Mexican Institute of Social Security coverage, and in the formal employment of urban women and rural men. At the household level, we do not find any effect on household health expenditures.

Arenas, E., Parker, S., Rubalcava, L., & Teruel, G. (2015). EVALUATION OF THE PROGRAM OF POPULAR INSURANCE FROM 2002 TO 2005 Impact in the utilization of medical services, in spending and health and in the labor market. TRIMESTRE ECONOMICO, 82(328), 807-845. Liga: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289823817_EVALUATION_OF_THE_PROGRAM_OF_POPULAR_INSURANCE_FROM_2002_TO_2005_Impact_in_the_utilization_of_medical_services_in_spending_and_health_and_in_the_labor_market

2015

Las migraciones climáticas: una cuestión de derechos y de justicia. Análisis y propuestas
Autores

Jenna Nobles, University of Wisconsin Luis Rubalcava, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas A.C. Graciela Teruel, EQUIDE-IBERO

Revista/Editorial

Social Science & Medicine

Resumen

Nonmigrant family members play a central role in facilitating Mexico-U.S. migration by maintaining families, sustaining social relationships, and overseeing household economic organization in sending communities. This study investigates changes to the emotional wellbeing of nonmigrant mothers when their partners reside in the United States. We hypothesize that partner migration affects mothers' wellbeing through three pathways: directly via the toll of spousal separation, and indirectly via changes to the economic profile of the sending household and through changes to mothers' household responsibilities. We test these relationships using data on 2813 mothers aged 18–44 in 2002 and measured in three waves (2002, 2005, 2009) of the Mexican Family Life Survey. We employ a fixed-effect estimation strategy that improves causal attribution of women's wellbeing to spousal residential location. We find evidence of increases in some forms of distress—sadness, crying, difficulty sleeping—when spouses are in the United States but no meaningful increase in depressive symptomology. Though partner emigration shifts several aspects of women's lives in sending households, changes to household resources or time allocation do not account for the moderate shifts in emotional duress associated with spousal absence. Importantly, additional tests reveal that we would observe large and significant associations between spousal migration and mothers' emotional wellbeing using a less rigorous estimation strategy, raising caution about the interpretation of cross-sectional studies evaluating wellbeing in sending homes.

Rodríguez, R. M., & Marcellesi, F. (2016). Las migraciones climáticas: una cuestión de derechos y de justicia. Análisis y propuestas. Abaco: Revista de cultura y ciencias sociales, (87), 34-44. Liga: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953614007321]

2015

After spouses depart: Emotional wellbeing among nonmigrant Mexican mothers
Autores

Jenna Nobles, University of Wisconsin Luis Rubalcava, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económica Graciela Teruel, EQUIDE-IBERO

Revista/Editorial

Social Science & Medicine

Resumen

Nonmigrant family members play a central role in facilitating Mexico-U.S. migration by maintaining families, sustaining social relationships, and overseeing household economic organization in sending communities. This study investigates changes to the emotional wellbeing of nonmigrant mothers when their partners reside in the United States. We hypothesize that partner migration affects mothers' wellbeing through three pathways: directly via the toll of spousal separation, and indirectly via changes to the economic profile of the sending household and through changes to mothers' household responsibilities. We test these relationships using data on 2813 mothers aged 18–44 in 2002 and measured in three waves (2002, 2005, 2009) of the Mexican Family Life Survey. We employ a fixed-effect estimation strategy that improves causal attribution of women's wellbeing to spousal residential location. We find evidence of increases in some forms of distress—sadness, crying, difficulty sleeping—when spouses are in the United States but no meaningful increase in depressive symptomology. Though partner emigration shifts several aspects of women's lives in sending households, changes to household resources or time allocation do not account for the moderate shifts in emotional duress associated with spousal absence. Importantly, additional tests reveal that we would observe large and significant associations between spousal migration and mothers' emotional wellbeing using a less rigorous estimation strategy, raising caution about the interpretation of cross-sectional studies evaluating wellbeing in sending homes.

Nobles, J., Rubalcava, L., & Teruel, G. (2015). After spouses depart: Emotional wellbeing among nonmigrant Mexican mothers. Social Science & Medicine, 132, 236-244. Liga: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953614007321

2015

Emotional wellbeing among nonmigrant Mexican mothers
Autores

Jenna Nobles, University of Wisconsin Luis Rubalcava, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económica Graciela Teruel, EQUIDE-IBERO

Revista/Editorial

Social Science & Medicine

Resumen

Nonmigrant family members play a central role in facilitating Mexico-U.S. migration by maintaining families, sustaining social relationships, and overseeing household economic organization in sending communities. This study investigates changes to the emotional wellbeing of nonmigrant mothers when their partners reside in the United States. We hypothesize that partner migration affects mothers' wellbeing through three pathways: directly via the toll of spousal separation, and indirectly via changes to the economic profile of the sending household and through changes to mothers' household responsibilities. We test these relationships using data on 2813 mothers aged 18–44 in 2002 and measured in three waves (2002, 2005, 2009) of the Mexican Family Life Survey. We employ a fixed-effect estimation strategy that improves causal attribution of women's wellbeing to spousal residential location. We find evidence of increases in some forms of distress—sadness, crying, difficulty sleeping—when spouses are in the United States but no meaningful increase in depressive symptomology. Though partner emigration shifts several aspects of women's lives in sending households, changes to household resources or time allocation do not account for the moderate shifts in emotional duress associated with spousal absence. Importantly, additional tests reveal that we would observe large and significant associations between spousal migration and mothers' emotional wellbeing using a less rigorous estimation strategy, raising caution about the interpretation of cross-sectional studies evaluating wellbeing in sending homes.

Nobles, J., Rubalcava, L., & Teruel, G. (2015). After spouses depart: Emotional wellbeing among nonmigrant Mexican mothers. Social Science & Medicine, 132, 236-244. Liga: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953614007321

2014

Artículo Rúbricas
Autores

Red de Salarios

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

iversos estudios ubican los salarios mínimos en México muy por debajo de su nivel de desarrollo. La Constitución Mexicana, garantiza un nivel de vida mínimo y suficiente para que un jefe de familia y su familia tengan una vida digna. El incumplimiento de ese salario mínimo ha conducido a muchas personas y hogares a condiciones de pobreza, donde los mínimos de bienestar en la dimensión del ingreso no pueden ser cubiertos por millones de personas. Las investigaciones tradicionales sobre pobreza y sobre desigualdad, no consideran que esa pobreza monetaria se encuentra estrechamente relacionada con los ingresos reales que una persona percibe por su trabajo El objetivo de este trabajo es la vinculación conceptual y metodológica de esos mínimos, a partir de una concepción del bienestar que ubica los umbrales mínimos para ingresos monetarios por salarios, mediante lo que la Constitucióne Mexicana y sus leyes secundarias establecen.

2014

“The Effect of Mexican Household Food Security Status and Income Distribution on Food Access”
Autores

Mireya Vilar Compte, EQUIDE-IBERO Ana Bernal Stuart, IBERO-CDMX Sebastián Sandoval Olascoaga, SHCP Ana Bertha Pérez Lizaur, IBERO-CDMX

Revista/Editorial

Food Studies

Resumen

We studied how income distribution and food security status are related to the quality and quantity of foods consumed by Mexican households. Methods: First, we analyzed current expenditure on eleven food groups across food security levels stratified by income quintiles and food security status, based on 2010 National Income and Expenditure Surveys. Second, we designed and budgeted two 2,000-calorie-per-day diets which cover the daily nutritional requirements of the Mexican population to observe, based on the current income data from the surveys, which households could purchase such diets. Results: Those households that spent the most on food are also those that invest the smallest percentage of their income on food. Monthly per capita expenditure was greater on most food groups in food secure (FS) households and decreased as food insecurity worsened. Statistical analyses of current expenditure on food groups revealed statistically significant differences across income quintiles and food security levels (p<0.05). The standard diet’s weekly cost was US$44.89 per person. Households with an average weekly income per capita (US$71.17) and those in the fourth (US$65.25) and fifth (US$181.27) quintiles could afford it, but those in the first (US$14.0), second (US$27.59), and third (US$42.75) quintiles could not. We designed a special diet for low-income groups, with a weekly cost of US$17.79 per person, which could not be afforded by households in the first quintile, even when all their income went to food. Discussion: Based on a descriptive analysis we found that income barriers and food insecurity are related to limited access to nutritious foods and diets among Mexican households. Pérez-Ferrer, C., Lock, K., & Rivera, J. A. (2010). Learning from international policies on trans fatty acids to reduce cardiovascular disease in low-and middle-income countries, using Mexico as a case study. Health policy and planning, 25(1), 39-49.

Vilar-Compte, M., Bernal-Stuart, A., Sandoval, S, Pérez-Lizaur, AB. (2014) “The Effect of Mexican Household Food Security Status and Income Distribution on Food Access” Food Studies, volume 3 (2), 31-40. Liga: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263844386_The_Effect_of_Mexican_Household_Food_Security_Status_and_Income_Distribution_on_Food_Access

2014

Is the Latin American and Caribbean food security scale an appropriate instrument for Mexican urban older adults
Autores

Mireya Vilar Compte, EQUIDE-IBERO Ana Bernal Stuart, IBERO-CDMX D. Orta Alemán, IBERO-CDMX T. Ochoa Rivera, IBERO-CDMX R. Pérez Escamilla, Yale School of Public

Revista/Editorial

The Journal of Frailty & Aging

Resumen

Background: Older adults in Mexico are a growing share of the population and are a largely vulnerable group with increased risk of food insecurity and potential detrimental health effects stemming from it. Objectives: This study assesses the face validity of the Latin American and Caribbean Food Security Scale (ELCSA) among Mexican urban older adults of low socioeconomic status. Design: Qualitative study based on 4 focus groups. Setting: The focus groups were conducted in community organizations for the elderly in an area of Mexico City with a high proportion of poverty. Participants: The focus groups included a total of 36 older adults aged 65 and over who consented to participate. Measurements: Two initial focus groups were conducted to assess how older adults understood the food security construct and each of the ELCSA items. Based on these findings, ELCSA was modified and retested for face validity through two additional focus groups. Results: The initial focus groups suggested that several of the scale items were not well understood, leading to editorial modifications of the scale. The final focus groups indicated that the modified version of the scale improved substantially ELCSA’s face validity in this sample. Conclusions: The modified ELCSA led to a greater understanding of most scale items. Further qualitative research is needed to improve food insecurity measurements among older adults in Latin America.

Vilar-Compte, M., Bernal-Stuart, A., Orta-Alemán, D., Ochoa-Rivera, T., & Pérez-Escamilla, R. (2014). Is the Latin American and Caribbean food security scale an appropriate instrument for Mexican urban older adults. J Frailty Aging, 3(3), 173-9. Liga: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mireya_Vilar-Compte/publication/282349169_Is_the_Latin_American_and_Caribbean_Food_Security_Scale_an_Appropirate_Measure_for_Mexican_Older_Adults/links/560d686108ae96742010c9cb.pdf

2014

Adaptación al cambio climático como elemento de combate a la pobreza
Autores

María Eugenia Ibarrarán, IBERO-CDMX Miguel Reyes, EQUIDE-IBERO Aniel Altamirano, Universidad de Sussex

Revista/Editorial

Región y sociedad

Resumen

En este artículo se analiza la relación entre pobreza y vulnerabilidad, mediante índices calculados, ante desastres específicos para los estados de México. Una vez definida la distribución geográfica de la vulnerabilidad, se identificaron los principales factores que la ocasionan, y después se analizaron los programas existentes para atender aspectos relacionados con la mitigación de daños de desastres y el fortalecimiento de la capacidad económica y social. Asimismo, se propuso cómo redirigir estos programas para reforzar su efectividad, y se sugirieron otros que pudieran emplearse conjuntamente para lograr el mismo objetivo.

Ibarrarán, M. E., Reyes, M., & Altamirano, A. (2014). Adaptación al cambio climático como elemento de combate a la pobreza. Región y sociedad, 26(61), 5-50. Liga: http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?pid=S1870-39252014000400001&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en

2014

Education, elderly health, and differential population aging in South Korea: A demographic approach
Autores

Bongoh Kye, Kookmin University Erika Arenas, UCLA Graciela Teruel, EQUIDE-IBERO Luis Rubalcava, Spectron Desarrollo S.C.

Revista/Editorial

Demographic Research

Resumen

Population aging proceeds with other socioeconomic developments, including educational expansion. Improvements in educational attainment lead to changes in demographic behaviors such as assortative mating, fertility, and the intergenerational transmission of education, which change the health of the elderly and the education of their offspring generation. OBJECTIVE We examine such a jointly-changing process in South Korea. METHODS We apply a recursive demographic model (Mare and Maralani 2006) by using the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA). RESULTS First, improvements in education lead to improvements in health among the elderly. Intermediate demographic factors make positive contributions to this improvement. Second, improvements in education lead to a decline in the ratios of offspring to the elderly because better-educated people have fewer children. However, this decrease is not substantial. Third, improvements in education increase the ratio of college-educated offspring to the unhealthy elderly because of improvements in both offspring‘s education and elderly health.

Kye, B., Arenas, E., Teruel, G., & Rubalcava, L. (2014). Education, elderly health, and differential population aging in South Korea: A demographic approach. Demographic Research, 30, 753. Liga: http://search.proquest.com/openview/ab9e4f5f6d6e921d66e643e4a3423d39/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=38857

2014

The consequences of migration to the United States for short-term changes in the health of Mexican immigrants
Autores

Noreen Goldman, Princeton University Anne R. Pebley, UCLA Mathew J. Craighton , Universitat Pompeu Fabra Graciela M. Teruel, EQUIDE-IBERO Luis N. Rubalcava, CIDE Chang Chung, Princeton University

Revista/Editorial

Demography

Resumen

Although many studies have attempted to examine the consequences of Mexico-U.S. migration for Mexican immigrants’ health, few have had adequate data to generate the appropriate comparisons. In this article, we use data from two waves of the Mexican Family Life Survey (MxFLS) to compare the health of current migrants from Mexico with those of earlier migrants and nonmigrants. Because the longitudinal data permit us to examine short-term changes in health status subsequent to the baseline survey for current migrants and for Mexican residents, as well as to control for the potential health selectivity of migrants, the results provide a clearer picture of the consequences of immigration for Mexican migrant health than have previous studies. Our findings demonstrate that current migrants are more likely to experience recent changes in health status—both improvements and declines—than either earlier migrants or nonmigrants. The net effect, however, is a decline in health for current migrants: compared with never migrants, the health of current migrants is much more likely to have declined in the year or two since migration and not significantly more likely to have improved. Thus, it appears that the migration process itself and/or the experiences of the immediate post-migration period detrimentally affect Mexican immigrants’ health.

Goldman, N., Pebley, A. R., Creighton, M. J., Teruel, G. M., Rubalcava, L. N., & Chung, C. (2014). The consequences of migration to the United States for short-term changes in the health of Mexican immigrants. Demography, 51(4), 1159-1173. Liga: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13524-014-0304-y

2013

The Denationalization of Pemex: Implications and Scope for Mexico
Autores

Miguel Reyes Hernández, Humberto Morales Moreno, Miguel A. López López, and Jorge Abascal Jiménez

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

El presente trabajo muestra evidencia de la desnacionalización de Petróleos Mexicanos en materia de soberanía energética y afectación presupuestal en recursos fiscales provenientes del petróleo. El análisis parte de la existencia de una alta eficiencia productiva que ubica a Petróleos Mexicanos como una de las corporaciones más eficaces en términos de su rentabilidad operativa, a pesar de su régimen fiscal extractivo y de la estrategia de desmantelamiento y desnacionalización paulatina iniciada desde los años noventa del siglo XX, cuyo arranque inició con la separación de la unidad de negocio como un aspecto fundamental.

2011

DOS METODOLOGÍAS Y DOS VISIONES DE LA EVOLUCIÓN DE LA POBREZA EN MÉXICO, 2008-2010
Autores

Julio Boltvinik Kalinka

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

Este documento es un articulo elaborado por el Dr. Julio Boltvinilk Kalinka, profesor investigador de El Colegio de México y miembro del Sistema Nacional de Investigadores Nivel III. En él, se realiza un análisis comparativo sobre dos métodos de medición de la pobreza que se han aplicado en México y las distinta visiones que esto provoca, sobre una misma realidad..

2011

HETEROGENEIDADES Y POLÍTICA SOCIAL EN AMÉRICA LATINA
Autores

Miguel Santiago Reyes Hernández

Revista/Editorial

Resumen

América Latina y el Caribe es una de las regiones más desiguales del mundo. El Observatorio Latinoamericano de Pobreza AUSJAL realizó estudios en algunos países de América Latina en los que se encuentran Instituciones de Educación Superior de la Compañía de Jesús. Considerando al IDH como una medida de desarrollo aproximada de 169 países, en 2010 ninguno de ellos estuvo acorde en términos de inequidad en la distribución del ingreso con su desarrollo, según el Observatorio. En los extremos, Chile muestra mayor diferencia con su nivel de desarrollo, mientras que Venezuela registró la menor distancia.

Publicaciones

Historial

2017

Determinantes de la movilidad intergeneracional en salud y políticas públicas para promoverlas
Colaboradores

Graciela Teruel, Equide-IBERO Mireya Villar Compte, Equide-IBERO

Socios / Financiadores

Centro de Estudios Espinosa Yglesias

Objetivo

2017

Piloto Cédula de Evaluación del Desarrollo Infantil (CEDI)
Colaboradores

Dra. Mireya Vilar Compte, Equide-IBERO, Mtro. Pablo Gaitán Rossi, Equide-IBERO, Mtra. Cecilia Pérez Navarro

Socios / Financiadores

Banco Mundial

Objetivo

2016-2018

Costing Study of the Breastfeeding Country Index (BFCI) – The Mexican Case Study
Colaboradores

Graciela Teruel, Equide-IBERO Mireya Villar Compte, Equide-IBERO

Socios / Financiadores

Yale University

Objetivo

2016-2018

¡Si Yo Puedo! Diabetes Self-Management Education + mHealth in Mexico City
Colaboradores

Mireya Vilar Compte (EQUIDE-IBERO), Ana Perez Lizaur (UIA), Robin G Whittemore (PI Yale), Rafael Pérez-Escamilla (Yale)

Socios / Financiadores

The National Institute of Health

Objetivo

2015 - Actualmente

Prospera Digital
Colaboradores

Dra. Mireya Vilar Compte, Equide-IBERO Mtro. Pablo Gaitán Rossi, Equide-IBERO Mtra. Cecilia Pérez, Equide-IBERO P.I. Dr. Arturo Aguilar, ITAM Mtra. Manett Vargas, ITAM

Socios / Financiadores

ITAM, Qué Funciona para el Desarrollo AC, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Babycenter, Oficina de Presidencia (”México Digital”) Programa de Inclusión social Prospera.

Objetivo

Proyectos

Historial

AGRADECEMOS ESPECIALMENTE POR SU APOYO Y COLABORACIÓN CONSTANTE A:

SOCIOS Y
FINANCIADORES

El EQUIDE trabaja colaborativamente con una red de investigadores dentro y fuera de la Universidad, así como con organizaciones internacionales e instituciones de gobierno.

En el área de Pobreza destaca la colaboración con el CONEVAL, SEDESOL y las Universidades de Chicago, Berkeley, Santa Bárbara, UCLA, USE y NorthWestern con énfasis en la medición de pobreza, así como la colaboración en la Universidad de Los Andes y el Gobierno de Guanajuato.

En el área de Salud destaca la colaboración con la UCLA en los temas de aislamiento social, con la Universidad de Yale para temas de lactancia, así como con el INAPAM sobre las intervenciones para prevenir la diabetes en adultos mayores.

En el área de Medio Ambiente destaca la colaboración con el CIDE y el IMCO en la valoración económica de la biodiversidad, con la Universidad de Harvard y el CIDE en cambio climático, con el C3 de la UNAM en Ciudades Sustentables y, con SENER en los aspectos sociales de la transición energética.

Directorio